There is no disaster without the interpretation from which it originates. From archaic societies with disasters considered as ‘”acts of God” to Rousseau’s letter raising the principle of a human responsibility in the 1755 Lisbon’s earthquake, disasters question the connection between nature, society, and humans.
Current scientific literature provides abundant publications on how vulnerabilities transform hazards into disasters. But what is the meaning of vulnerability? Where is positioned the cursor between hazards and disasters in terms of perceived risks? The logics of our western socio-economic paradigms may confront challenging cultures and traditions when destruction and rebuilding are philosophically intertwined.